Monday, March 24, 2014

Court of Appeal Rules Overtime is Defined By Collective Bargaining Agreement

The California Court of Appeal issued an opinion in Vranish v. Exxon Mobil Corporation. The Court ruled collective bargaining agreements (CBA) meeting certain requirements define overtime for covered employees, not the California Labor Code.

In Vranish, Exxon Mobil employees regularly worked 12-hour shifts. They worked 7 consecutive days followed by 7 days off. The employees were represented by a labor organization and had a CBA. Under the CBA, employees only received overtime compensation if they worked more than 12-hours in a workday, or more than 40 hours in a workweek. However, Labor Code section 510 states employees must receive overtime pay if they work more than 8 hours in a single day.

The employees filed suit to recover overtime pay for regularly working more than 8 hours in a workday. But the Court ruled the Labor Code’s definition did not apply to the employees. Labor Code section 514 states the Labor Code’s definition of overtime does not apply to employees covered by a valid CBA meeting certain requirements. Since the CBA in this case met all of the requirements under section 514, the CBA defined overtime rather than the Labor Code.